Did you know 3 billion people lack access to adequate water, one billion people lack access to adequate sanitation and that water pollution is the largest environmental cause of death in the world?
Many people do not know the dangers of water pollution and its effects on the environment. Water pollution is a serious issue that threatens various parts of the world. This article aims to educate you on some of the causes and dangers of water pollution and how we can control water pollution easily.
What is water pollution?
Water pollution occurs when water is polluted with waste, chemicals, or other substances. Pollution may be at a level that causes human health problems or harm to the environment.
Pollution can be caused by the presence of waste products, such as sewage and industrial waste, in water sources. These wastes are often harmful to living organisms when they reach a water source.
Water pollution is also caused by natural processes such as acid rain and volcanic eruptions. Acid rain is caused when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides combine with water vapor to form acids that fall back to earth in rainwater. These acids can kill fish and other aquatic life forms in lakes and streams, as well as trees and plants on land. Volcanic eruptions create ash clouds that can block sunlight from reaching plants on land or in the sea for months at a time. This lack of sunlight causes nearby plants to die off until conditions change again.
Causes of water pollution
In addition to agriculture and domestic sewage, pesticides are among the major sources of water pollution. Besides these man-made causes, there are other natural causes, such as erosion, climate change, earthquakes, and volcanic activity.
Here are a few of the main water pollution causes that could happen.
- The wastes from households, factories, or agricultural lands that get discharged into rivers or lakes are sewage or wastewater.
- Oil pollution.
- Acid rain.
- Industrial waste.
- Ruination of the ecosystem.
How to help reduce water pollution?
Water pollution can occur when an individual or business dumps chemicals into their water supply. The chemicals can come from a variety of sources, including industrial waste, household cleaning products, fertilizers and pesticides.
You can help reduce water pollution by taking steps to limit the amount of chemicals that enter your local waterways.
Here are some ways you can help:
- Reduce the use of pesticides and other chemicals in your home garden and lawn care.
- Never pour oil into storm drains or sewer systems. Instead, take used motor oil to a nearby recycling center that offers free disposal for used oil and filters.
- Use less fertilizer on your lawn and garden because it contains lots of nitrates which eventually end up in groundwater supplies where they can destroy fish populations.
- Don’t dump paint down the sink or toilet; instead deposit it at a hazardous waste collection site or take it to a recycling center that accepts oil-based paints.
- Don’t throw away paint cans, batteries or light bulbs in the trash. Put these items in the special recycling bins that some stores and restaurants have.
- Save energy by turning off all lights when you leave a room and unplugging appliances when not using them.
Comprehensive Water Pollution Solutions
Water is a crucial part of our lives. While we use water for day-to-day activities, there are many places in the world that lack access to clean water.
gohazmathub.io provides water pollution controlling solutions based on simple, long service life, effective and easy operation and maintenance. Our solutions effectively treat sludge and reduce the use of chemicals.